National Deworming Day 2020 India | Meaning, Initiative, Guidelines, Mission
We all know how important children are. The most common illness for these children is the stomach worm. These tiny little angels suffer a lot from this illness. So the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has conducted a meeting. With lots of discussions, they came up with the idea of National Deworming Day. It was a very crucial initiative by Ministry Of Health And Family.
Later, it was launched by Shri J P Nadda, The Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare. Speaking on the occasion he said, “Government of India is committed to ensuring high-quality healthcare, accessible to every child and up to the last mile. One of the interventions, the National Deworming Day, is one of the largest public health initiatives in the world. ”
What Is Deworming Day (National Deworming Day Meaning): –
The National Deworming Day is an initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India to make every child in the country worm free. It was launched in February 2015. The activities of National Deworming Day happened twice a month. One in February and one in August.
This day has been designed to reach all children, regardless of socio-economic background. This drive has also included government and government-aided schools and Anganwadis, all states will make special efforts to reach out-of-school children, who are most vulnerable to worm infections. Even private school who have a high enrollment of children are taking part in this initiative.
This is one of the largest public health programs reaching a large number of children during a short period.
Shri JP Nadda stated “National Deworming Day will mobilize health personnel, state governments and other stakeholders to prioritize investment in control of Soil-Transmitted Helminth (STH) infections one of the most common infections. It aims to create mass awareness about the most effective and low-cost STH treatment administering Albendazole tablets. The tablet has no side effects and in case the dose gets missed, MoHFW carries out ‘mop-up’ sessions, to ensure no child is left out. Along with Albendazole administration, behaviour change practices in terms of cleanliness, hygiene, use of toilets, wearing shoes/chappals, washing hands etc. is also important to reduce incidents of re-infection”.
National Deworming Day Initiatives: –
Today Government of India and Ministry of Welfare and Family have reached more than 32.2 crore children throughout the nation with Government and Government-aided schools and Anganwadi centres.
To prepare for National Deworming Day, teachers and Anganwadi workers have been trained to administer the tablet to children, while ASHAs and other functionaries will generate awareness and mobilize children to be dewormed on the day.
Other ministries and departments from Panchayati Raj, Youth affairs are also deploying their resources of panchayat members, youth volunteers and other community-based groups to engage communities towards a worm-free India.
The medicine used for Deworming is Albendazole tablet which is safe and beneficial. It was also accepted globally. This medicine is an effective way of controlling worm infection.
Shri. P J Nadda also informed that the Ministry of Health and family also follows the life-cycle approach in devising all health programs. The programme begins from pregnant women till adolescence. They also take care of mother and the child to make them healthier and get their timely access to healthcare.
Shri Nadda said “Our programs like National Deworming Day, which is for all children, are ensuring prevention of cognitive disability as well decreasing the school drop-out rate of children by improving the overall health of the children. All these initiatives move us closer to the overall wholesome development of the country.”
National Deworming Day Guidelines: –
National Deworming Day Narrative Report: –
National Deworming Day is a groundbreaking initiative focused on reducing the threat of parasitic worm infections. According to the World Health Organization(WHO), around 241 million children in India have a risk of suffering parasitic Intestinal worm illness.
India being a developing nation has the highest burden of soil-transmitted he helminths-parasitic worms in the world. This can contribute anaemia, malnourishment and impairment mental and physical development.
The Report On 2012 ‘Children in India’ by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Govt. of India says around 48% of children under the age of five years are prevented from growing and 19.8% are wasted, indicating that half of the country’s children are malnourished.
Since the launch of National Deworming Day (NDD) in 2015. It was first implemented in 11 States/UTs across all Government and Government-aided schools and Anganwadi centres targeting children aged 1 to 19 years.
Shri Nadda stated that Ministry had first launched National Deworming Day (NDD) in 2015. The focus is to reach more than 32.2 crore children. Now the National Deworming Day programme is spread throughout the country.
In the year 2016, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare have reached 25.6 crores in February and 22.8 crore children in August. They all have successfully reached and treated with deworming treatment on National Deworming Day. Shri Nadda also released ‘Deworming Factsheet’ at the event.
National Deworming Mission: –
There are some children whose age is around 3-14 are suffering from parasitic worm illness. The consequences children might experience are nausea, mild abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, and fatigue.
According to the World Health Organization(WHO), an around 241 million children in India have a risk of suffering parasitic Intestinal worm illness. This figure also stated that half the children in the country are malnourished.
These figures were staggering so Mistry of Health and Family are aiming to reach till 11 states of India at the initial stage. Since then, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare have reached above 32.8 crores of children to be treated and prevented from Worm Parasitic.
Apart from preventing children from a parasitic worm, they are also making an effort to improve maintaining healthy and hygienic practices which will help these to remain safe from worm infection.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare envisions an open defecation free India which holds the capacity to reduce the overall worm burden in a community. The efforts of Swach Bharat Abhiyan towards a clean India will further facilitate the progress and benefits of the National Deworming Day.
By looking at the work, report and objectives this initiative for deworming looks promising and positive. Though the illness is not that dangerous. But suffering victims are high. The main reason is unhygienic surrounding and lack of health awareness. So, it was important to improve health drive.
Anganwadi and the school-based mass deworming program is safe, cost-effective, and can reach crores of children quickly. Deworming Day initiative has shown to reduce absenteeism in schools, improve health, nutritional, and learning outcomes, and increase the likelihood of higher-wage jobs later in life.
As this design is for everyone and every person are taking part in this programme. But Ministry of Health and Family are making special efforts to reach out-of-school children, who are most vulnerable to worm infections.
Private schools across the country, since they have a high enrolment of children, have also enthusiastically joined the program, so that children in their school, too, get deworming treatment and contribute to the overall reduction in worm prevalence in communities.
National Deworming Day Date: –
National Deworming Day 2018 is celebrated all over India on 10th of February every year.
States like Andaman & Nicobar, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Daman & Diu, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Nagaland, Puducherry, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, and Tripura celebrates deworming day.
On 11th February Chandigarh, Lakshadweep while Harayana state celebrates in 15th February. North East states like Sikkim, Meghalaya celebrates on 10th and 11th March.
Himachal Pradesh celebrates it on 27th April whereas Jammu and Kashmir celebrate on 10th August.
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