Nagasaki Day 2020 Celebration
The Nagasaki Day is celebrated on 9th August every year to pay homage the victims of Nagasaki disaster. On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, Japan.
Three days later, on August 9, 1945, the United States launched a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki. These remain the only two cases of nuclear weapons used in the war to this day.
The Second World War began in 1939. While the war in Europe ended on May 8, 1945, the war in the Pacific only ended with Japan’s unconditional surrender to the Allies on August 15, 1945.
The atomic bombing of Japan was a hugely significant final act of the most destructive global conflict in human history. Simultaneously, it marked the beginning of the atomic age, the arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union and, in a short time, the Cold War.
The bomb was dropped using a parachute from an American B29 bomber at local time 1102. It exploded 1,652 feet above the ground and completely devastated the city.
72 years ago, the heartrending incident in Nagasaki took place in Taro Shibahara in Japan. An atomic bomb was deployed on Japan, which was the second such attack against Japan in three days. The bomb was dropped using a parachute from an American B29 bomber at local time 1102. It exploded 1,652 feet above the ground and completely devastated the city.
The bomb was dubbed ‘Fat Man’ in reference to Winston Churchill and had the power of 22 kilotons of TNT and weighed 4,050 kg. It killed 80,000 people. In a few days, the Japanese surrendered to the allied forces in World War II.
As a result of the explosion, heat and fires, the city of Hiroshima was razed and some 90,000 people perished that day. The second test of the world of a nuclear weapon conclusively demonstrated the amazing power of nuclear weapons to kill and maim.
The schools were destroyed and their students and teachers killed. The hospitals with their patients and medical staff were destroyed. The bombing of Hiroshima was an act of mass destruction of a civilian population, the destruction of an entire city with a single bomb.
Harry Truman, president of the United States, upon being notified, said, with extremely bad judgment, that “this is the greatest thing in history”.
Three days after destroying Hiroshima, after not finding an opening in the clouds on its main objective of the city of Kokura, an American bomber B-29, called Bockscar, attacked the Japanese city of Nagasaki with the third atomic weapon in the world.
This bomb had a core of plutonium and an explosive force of about 22,000 tons of TNT. He had been called “Fat Man”. The attack took place at 11:02 a.m. The result was the immediate death of some 40,000 people.
In his first speech to the American public about the bombing of Hiroshima, which he delivered on August 9, 1945, the day the atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Harry Truman reported: “The world will notice that the first atomic bomb was launched on Hiroshima, a military base, that was because in this first attack we wanted to avoid, as far as possible, the killing of civilians. “Although Hiroshima had a military base in the city, it was not the base to which it was attacked, but the centre of the city.
The vast majority of the victims in Hiroshima were ordinary civilians, including a large number of women and children. “Truman continued,” But that attack is just a warning of things to come. “Truman continued to refer to the “terrible responsibility that has come to us”, and “thank God that he has come to us, instead of our enemies”. He prayed that God would “guide us to use him in his ways and for his purpose.” It was a chilling and prophetic prayer.
Nagasaki was chosen for several reasons. Although its population was only two-thirds of the population of Hiroshima, it was industrially more important. It was important as a port for the transhipment of military supplies and the shipment of troops in support of the operation of Japan in China, Formosa, Southeast Asia and the Southwest Pacific.
It was extremely vital since it was an important centre for the construction and repair of ships, both for naval ships and for merchants. The city also had industrial suburbs of Inase and Akunoua.
Radio Tokyo said that virtually all living, humans and animals died instantly when the bomb was detonated. The survivors were burned beyond recognition. A mushroom cloud moment after the atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki in Japan was.
The attacks on Hiroshima and Nagasaki marked the first time the atomic bombs in the war. The survivors of the bombings, although they have not died, still suffer mental and physical consequences of radiation until today. Bomb explosions left scars both psychological and physical on survivors and cities.
Why did the United States Use The Bomb?
Few historical issues are subject to such a longstanding controversy. It is impossible to adequately address the conflicting perspectives in this article. I recommend this episode of the History of Japan podcast, by the historian Isaac Meyer, for transmission of the arguments in conflict for and against the use of bombs.
In short, the “traditionalists” reports the attacks have argued that the bombs were necessary to force Japan’s surrender. They also claim that a land invasion of Japan by US and Soviet forces would have claimed many more lives than bombs.
How To Celebrate Nagasaki Day: –
The film, The Twinkling Stars Know Everything, is shown throughout 2018 in a memorial hall in the park. It shows a collection of memories of parents of high school students killed by the bomb.
The Peace Memorial Museum reveals the magnitude of the instant destruction when the bomb detonated.
The museum also traces, through a series of confronting exhibitions, the pain and terror of those who died slowly from horrible burns and the effects of radiation. Visitors learn about the persistent effects of radiation exposure on victims and their descendants, including loss of the pregnancy, birth defects and untold psychological damage.
However, the Japanese people celebrate the day by lighting the candle before the Memorial Hall that is built to commemorate the victims of the Nagasaki disaster. In addition, they also participate in the debate show that aims to throw light on the misuse of the atom bomb.